Spring Waters of Lombardy

Spring waters map



The "fontanili" (spring waters) are a distinctive characteristic of the Lombardy lowland, that just for the abundance of water has always been fecund and particularly proper to the agriculture. From the point of geological sight, it comes divided in "tall lowland" and "low lowland."
The cellar of the tall lowland is corporate from coarse gravels deposed in the quaternary period to the feet of the Alps, whose granulometry and permeability decrease toward south. The cellar of the low lowland is instead composed from sediments prevalently thin. In the band of transition among the two lowlands, where the thinner fractions start to be present in remarkable proportions, the waters of the stratums rise owing to the regurgitation aroused from the diminution of permeability. The waters that erupt in surface are said "resurgent" and the depressions where disgorges buys the name of "fontanili".They are waters that, originating from the subterranean stratum, they maintain an abiding temperature all the course of the year (around to the 10/ 14 C) and they of consequence don't freeze in the winters months. This continues font of water relatively hot it has been an of the foreground reasons of the development of a very lucrative agriculture in the Padana Lowland; the "marcite", exemplary cultivations of forage to elevated productiveness, they were chiefly you feed with spring waters. The abiding temperature, the transparency and the course always regulate of the spring waters allows the development of an aquatic botany of the all distinctive among the other and of an extremely rich and changed fauna. In the only province from Milan is present around 600 "fontanili", from which takes origin a system of little canals "rogge" that the irrigation of vast agricultural areas consents. The same city from Milan has risen in correspondence of the band to taller denseness of resurgent. Yet also the "fontanili" have suffered the consequences of an irrational custom of the water from part of the man. The lowering of the stratum, happened around the sixty years, in fact, drained a tall percent of the Milanese and Lombards "fontanili".